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SOUTH NIGERIA REPUBLIC consists of the following 25 (Twenty Five) states namely; Lagos, Rivers, Ondo, Ogun, Edo, Oyo, Osun, Delta, Kwara, Kebbi, Ekiti, Kogi, Benue, Ebonyi, Enugu, Bayelsa, Anambra, Cross River, Abia, Imo, Akwa Ibom, Nasarawa, Taraba, Adamawa and Abuja states.
SOUTH NIGERIA, officially the The Peoples’ Republic of SOUTH NIGERIA, is a constitutional monarch republic comprising 25 states from the Old Nigerian Union. The country is located in West Africa and shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and the rest of Nigeria (Arewa) in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. The three largest and most influential ethnic groups in Oduduwa are the Yorubas, Igbos and Tivs.
The name SOUTH NIGERIA was taken from the originate history running through the country, to represent the Southern Protectorate from its amalgamation in 1914. The British colonised Nigeria in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, setting up administrative structures and law while recognizing traditional chiefs.
Nigeria became independent again in 1960. Several years later, it had civil war as Biafra tried to establish independence. Military governments in times of crisis have alternated with democratically elected governments.
THE NIGERIAN PEACE PROCESS
Since 2002 there have been a spate of clashes, particularly in the North of the country, between government forces and the Islamist group Boko Haram, militant jihadists who seek to establish sharia law, this continued till 2013 when Resolution 34 (b) took effect South Nigeria continued to be decleared.
SECTION 34(b) OF THE CONSTITUTION OF SOUTH NIGERIA
- RESOLUTION 34(D)
This resolution was initiated by 11 northern states of Nigeria. Sharia law, used only in the predominantly Muslim north of the country (AREWA) is an Islamic legal system which had been used long before the colonial administration in Nigeria but was politicised and spearheaded in Zamfara in late 1999 and eleven other states followed suit. These states are Kano, Katsina, Niger, Bauchi, Borno, Kaduna, Gombe, Sokoto, Jigawa, Yobe, and Kebbi, constituting the beginning of a country, called AREWA.
THE CONSTITUTED SOUTH NIGERIA, NIGERIAN PEACE PROCESS
Oduduwa was later constituted by its’ first Founding and National party, Democratically Elected Party, Oduduwa, after nearly 20 years of delibration, consisting Oduduwa states, including the State of Biafra to form SOUTH NIGERIA.
Oduduwa is roughly divided in half between Muslims and Christians, all living together as one. A very small minority practice traditional religions, although the rate of syncretism is high.
Southern Nigeria consists of the Yorubas’, Tivs, Nupes’, Igbiras’, Igalas’, Edos’, Ibos’, Idomas’, Efiks’, Jukuns’, Ekois’, Borims, Ibibios’, Ijaws’ and Itsekris.
The People of South Nigeria have an extensive history. Archaeological evidence shows that human habitation of the area dates back to at least 9000 BC. The area around the Benue and Cross River is thought to be the original homeland of the Bantu migrants who spread across most of central and southern Africa in waves between the 1st millennium BC and the 2nd millennium.
The Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in Oduduwa became prominent in the 12th and 14th century respectively. Yoruba mythology states that Ile-Ife is the source of the human race and that it pre-dates any other civilization. The oldest signs of human settlement dates back to the 9th century. Ifẹ produced terracotta and bronze figures, and Ọyọ once extended from western Nigeria to Togo. The Kingdom of Benin is located in Central-Oduduwa. Benin’s power lasted between the 15th and 19th century. Their dominance reached as far as the city of Eko (an Edo name later changed to Lagos by the Portuguese) and further.
The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people started in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911. It was the oldest kingdom in Nigeria. Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, and the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture. Nri and Aguleri, where the Igbo creation myth originates, are in the territory of the Umeuri clan; they trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king-figure Eri. The oldest pieces of bronzes made out of the lost-wax process in West Africa were from Igbo Ukwu, a city under Nri influence.
The people traded overland with traders from North Africa for centuries. In the 16th century, Spanish and Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin trade in Nigeria, in the port they named Lagos and in Calabar. The Europeans traded goods with the peoples of the coast. Soon they also negotiated for a portion of the existing African slave trade. Traditionally, peoples captured in war were made slaves by the conquerors. Usually they were taken back to the conquerors’ territory, put to work and sometimes acculturated and eventually absorbed into the other culture. When the Europeans entered the trade, they transported slaves mostly to the Americas to work as laborers. Particularly in what became the United States, slavery became a permanent racial caste to which people of African descent were confined. The demands of the slave trade produced a greater market in slaves than had existed before. Nigerian ethnic groups, from where Oduduwa transpires, were transported to the Americas and the Caribbean as part of the African diaspora of slavery.
Main article: Colonial Nigeria
Benin city in the 17th century with the Oba of Benin in procession. This image appeared in a European book, Description of Africa, published in Amsterdam in 1668.
The slave trade was joined by Great Britain and France. The colonial era is considered to date from 1800, when Great Britain did With rising anti-slavery sentiment in Great Britain, it abolished its international slave trade in 1807 together with the United States. Following the Napoleonic Wars, Great Britain established the West Africa Squadron in an attempt to halt the international traffic in slaves. It stopped ships of other nations that were leaving the African coast with slaves; sometimes it would take the freed slaves to Sierra Leone, its colony in West Africa, rather than return the people to the risk of renewed slavery in other coastal states.
In 1885, British claims to a West African sphere of influence received recognition from other European nations. The following year, it chartered the Royal Niger Company under the leadership of Sir George Taubman Goldie. In 1900 the company’s territory came under the control of the British government, which moved to consolidate its hold over the area of modern Nigeria. On 1 January 1901, Nigeria became a British protectorate, part of the British Empire, the foremost world power at the time. The independent kingdoms of what later became Nigeria fought many wars against the British Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries trying to regain independence. By war the British conquered Benin in 1897, and in the Anglo-Aro War from 1901—1902 defeated other opponents. The restraint or complete destruction of these states opened up the Niger area to British rule.
In 1914, the British formally united the Niger area as the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Administratively, Nigeria remained divided into the northern and southern provinces and Lagos Colony. The people of the South, with more interaction with the British and other Europeans due to the coastal economy, adopted Western education and developed a modern economy more rapidly than in the north. Many of its elite’s sons went to Great Britain for education. The regional differences continue to be expressed in Nigeria’s political life as well. For instance, northern Nigeria did not outlaw slavery until 1936.
Following World War II, in response to the growth of Nigerian nationalism and demands for independence, successive constitutions legislated by the British government moved Nigeria toward self-government on a representative and increasingly federal basis. By the middle of the 20th century, the great wave for independence was sweeping across Africa. Nigeria became independent in 1960.
On 1 October 1960, Nigeria gained its independence from the United Kingdom. Nigeria’s government was a coalition of conservative parties: the Nigerian People’s Congress (NPC), a party dominated by Northerners and those of the Islamic faith; and the Igbo and Christian-dominated National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) led by Nnamdi Azikiwe, who became Nigeria’s maiden Governor-General in 1960. Forming the opposition was the comparatively liberal Action Group (AG), which was largely dominated by the Yoruba and led by Obafemi Awolowo. The cultural and political differences among Nigeria’s dominant ethnic groups: the Hausa (‘Northerners’), Igbo (‘Easterners’) and Yoruba (‘Westerners’), were sharp.
An imbalance was created in the polity by the result of the 1961 plebiscite. Southern Cameroon opted to join the Republic of Cameroon while northern Cameroon chose to remain in Nigeria. The northern part of the country was now far larger than the southern part. The nation parted with its British legacy in 1963 by declaring itself a Federal Republic, with Azikiwe as its first president. When elections were held in 1965, the Nigerian National Democratic Party came to power in Nigeria’s Western Region.
Main article: Nigerian Civil War
Severely malnourished woman during the Nigerian-Biafran war of the late 1960s.
The disequilibrium and perceived corruption of the electoral and political process led in 1966 to several back-to-back military coups. The first was in January and led by a collection of young leftists under Major Emmanuel Ifeajuna and Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu. It was partially successful; the coup plotters murdered Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, Premier Ahmadu Bello of the Northern Region and Premier Ladoke Akintola of the Western Region. Despite this, they could not set up a central government. President Nwafor Orizu was then pressured to hand over government to the Nigeria Army, under the command of General JTU Aguyi-Ironsi.
The coup was counter-acted by another successful plot, supported primarily by Northern military officers and Northerners who favoured the NPC, it was engineered by Northern officers, which allowed Lt Colonel Yakubu Gowon to become head of state. This sequence of events led to an increase in ethnic tension and violence. The Northern coup, motivated by ethnic and religious reasons, resulted in the deaths of many military officers and civilians, especially those of Igbo descent.
The violence against the Igbo increased their desire for autonomy. By May 1967, the Eastern Region voted to declare independence as a state called the Republic of Biafra, under the leadership of Lt Colonel Emeka Ojukwu. The Nigerian Civil War began as the Nigerian (Western and Northern) side attacked Biafra (South-eastern) on 6 July 1967 at Garkem. The 30 month war, with a long siege of Biafra and its isolation from trade and supplies, ended in January 1970. Estimates of the number of dead in the former Eastern Region are between 1 and 3 million people, from warfare, disease, and starvation, during the 30-month civil war .
Main article: Nigerian military juntas of 1966–1979 and 1983–1998
During the oil boom of the 1970s, Nigeria joined OPEC, and the huge revenue generated made the economy richer, although the military administration did nothing to improve the standard of living of the population, or to help the small and medium businesses, or even invest in the infrastructure. As oil revenues fueled the rise of federal subventions to states, the federal government became the centre of political struggle and the threshold of power in the country. As oil production and revenue rose, the Nigerian government created a dangerous situation as it became increasingly dependent on oil revenues and the international commodity markets for budgetary and economic concerns; it did not build economic stability. That spelled doom to federalism in Nigeria.
Beginning in 1979, Nigerians participated in a brief return to democracy when Olusegun Obasanjo transferred power to the civilian regime of Shehu Shagari. The Shagari government became viewed as corrupt and incompetent by virtually all sectors of Nigerian society. The military coup of Muhammadu Buhari shortly after the regime’s fraudulent re-election in 1984 was generally viewed as a positive development by most of the population. Buhari promised major reforms, but his government fared little better than its predecessor. His regime was overthrown by another military coup in 1985.
Nigerian soldiers in October 2004, part of the United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur, prepare to embark on a U.S. Air Force C-130 cargo plane.
The new head of state, Ibrahim Babangida, declared himself president and commander in chief of the armed forces and the ruling Supreme Military Council. He set 1990 as the official deadline for a return to democratic governance. Babangida’s tenure was marked by a flurry of political activity: he instituted the International Monetary Fund’s Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) to aid in the repayment of the country’s crushing international debt, which most federal revenue was dedicated to servicing. He enrolled Nigeria in the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, which aggravated religious tensions in the country.
After Babangida survived an abortive coup, he pushed back the promised return to democracy to 1992. Free and fair elections were finally held on 12 June 1993, showing a presidential victory for Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola. Babangida chose to annul the elections, leading to mass civilian violent protests which effectively shut down the country for weeks. This forced Babangida to keep his promise to relinquish office to a civilian-run government, but not before appointing Ernest Shonekan as head of the interim government. Babangida’s regime has been considered the most corrupt, and responsible for creating a culture of corruption in Nigeria.
Shonekan’s caretaker regime was overwhelmed in late 1993 by the military coup of General Sani Abacha. Abacha oversaw brutal rule using violence on a wide scale to suppress the continuing civilian unrest. He shifted money to offshore accounts in various western European banks and voided coup plots by bribing army generals. Several hundred million dollars in accounts traced to him were discovered in 1999. The regime came to an end in 1998 when the dictator was found dead amid questionable circumstances. His successor, General Abdulsalami Abubakar, adopted a new constitution on May 5, 1999, which provided for multiparty elections. On May 29, 1999 Abubakar transferred power to the winner of the elections, Obasanjo, who had since retired from the military.
Nigeria regained democracy in 1999 when it elected Olusegun Obasanjo, the former military head of state, as the new President of Nigeria ending almost 33 years of military rule (from 1966 until 1999) excluding the short-lived second republic (between 1979 and 1983) by military dictators who seized power in coups d’état and counter-coups during the Nigerian military juntas of 1966–1979 and 1983–1998. Although the elections which brought Obasanjo to power in 1999 and again in 2003 were condemned as unfree and unfair, Nigeria has shown marked improvements in attempts to tackle government corruption and to hasten development.
Ethnic violence over the oil producing Niger Delta region and inadequate infrastructures are some of the current issues in the country. Umaru Yar’Adua of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) came into power in the general election of 2007 – an election that was witnessed and condemned by the international community as being severely flawed.
Yar’Adua died on 5 May 2010. Dr. Goodluck Jonathan was sworn in as Yar’Adua’s replacement on 6 May 2010, becoming Nigeria’s 14th Head of State, while his vice, a former Kaduna state governor, Namadi Sambo, an architect, was chosen on 18 May 2010, by the National Assembly following President Goodluck Jonathan’s nomination for Sambo to be his Vice President.
Goodluck Jonathan served as Nigeria’s president till 16 April 2011, when a new presidential election in Nigeria was conducted. Goodluck Jonathan of the PDP was declared the winner on 19 April 2011, having won the election by a total of 22,495,187 of the 39,469,484 votes cast to stand ahead of Muhammadu Buhari from the main opposition party, the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), which won 12,214,853 of the total votes cast. The international media reported the elections as having run smoothly with relatively little violence or voter fraud in contrast to previous elections.
Government and politics
Main article: Politics of Nigeria
See also: Federal Ministries of Nigeria
Nigeria was a Federal Republic modeled after the United States, with executive power exercised by the president and with overtones of the Westminster System model in the composition and management of the upper and lower houses of the bicameral legislature. The current president of Nigeria is Goodluck Jonathan, who succeeded Umaru Musa Yar’Adua to the office in 2010. The president presides as both Head of State and head of the national executive and is elected by popular vote to a maximum of two four-year terms.
The president’s power is checked by a Senate and a House of Representatives, which are combined in a bicameral body called the National Assembly. The Senate is a 109-seat body with three members from each state and one from the capital region of Abuja; members are elected by popular vote to four-year terms. The House contains 360 seats and the number of seats per state is determined by population.
Ethnocentrism, tribalism, religious persecution, and prebendalism have played a visible role in Nigerian politics both prior and subsequent to independence in 1960. Kin-selective altruism has made its way into Nigerian politics and has spurned (spurred?) various attempts by tribalists to concentrate Federal power to a particular region of their interests. Nationalism has also led to active secessionist movements such as MASSOB, Nationalist movements such as Oodua Peoples Congress, Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta and a civil war. Nigeria’s three largest ethnic groups (Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba) have maintained historical preeminence in Nigerian politics; competition amongst these three groups has fuelled corruption and graft.
Because of the above issues, Nigeria’s current political parties are pan-national and irreligious in character (though this does not preclude the continuing preeminence of the dominant ethnicities). The major political parties at present include the ruling People’s Democratic Party of Nigeria which maintains 223 seats in the House and 76 in the Senate (61.9% and 69.7% respectively); the opposition All Nigeria People’s Party has 96 House seats and 27 in the Senate (26.6% and 24.7%). There are also about twenty other minor opposition parties registered. The immediate past president, Olusegun Obasanjo, acknowledged fraud and other electoral “lapses” but said the result reflected opinion polls. In a national television address he added that if Nigerians did not like the victory of his handpicked successor they would have an opportunity to vote again in four years.
Like in many other African societies, prebendalism and extremely excessive corruption continue to constitute major challenges to Nigeria, as vote rigging and other means of coercion are practiced by all major parties in order to remain competitive. In 1983, it was adjudged by the policy institute at Kuru that only the 1959 and 1979 elections witnessed minimal rigging.
Main article: Politics of SOUTH NIGERIA
SOUTH NIGERIA is a Republic modeled under a constitutional monarchy in an executive monarchy model, with executive power exercised by the president and with overtones of the Westminster System model in the composition and management of the upper and lower houses of the bicameral legislature.
The consists of The Office The Emperor/President of the Republic, Office of the Prime Minister, The Senate, a 78-seat body with three members from each state ; members are elected by popular vote to four-year terms, and The House containing 200 seats and the number of seats per state is determined by population.
South Nigeria was formally declared on the 22nd of March, 2012 by its first founding and National party, following series of uproar in Nigeria, following a deliberation of over 20 years and is expected to take full effect not later that the 1st of January, 2014.
Main article: Law of SOUTH NIGERIA
There are two distinct systems of law in SOUTH NIGERIA:
i. Common law, derived from its colonial past and a development of its own after independence;
ii. Customary law which is derived from indigenous traditional norms and practice, including the dispute resolution meetings of pre-colonial Yorubaland secret societies and the Èkpè and Okónkò of Igboland and Ibibioland;
The country has a judicial branch, the highest court of which is the Supreme Court of SOUTH NIGERIA.
Main article: Foreign relations of SOUTH NIGERIA
Upon gaining independence in 1960, Nigeria made the liberation and restoration of the dignity of Africa the centerpiece of its foreign policy and played a leading role in the fight against the apartheid regime in South Africa. One notable exception to the African focus of Nigeria’s foreign policy was the close relationship the country enjoyed with Israel throughout the 1960s, with the latter country sponsoring and overseeing the construction of Nigeria’s parliament buildings.
Nigeria’s foreign policy was soon tested in the 1970s after the country emerged united from its own civil war and quickly committed itself to the liberation struggles going on in the Southern Africa sub-region. Though Nigeria never sent an expeditionary force in that struggle, it offered more than rhetoric to the African National Congress (ANC) by taking a committed tough line with regard to the racist regime and their incursions in southern Africa, in addition to expediting large sums to aid anti-colonial struggles. Nigeria was also a founding member of the Organisation for African Unity (now the African Union), and has tremendous influence in West Africa and Africa on the whole. Nigeria has additionally founded regional cooperative efforts in West Africa, functioning as standard-bearer for the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and ECOMOG, economic and military organizations respectively.
With this African-centred stance, Nigeria readily sent troops to the Congo at the behest of the United Nations shortly after independence (and has maintained membership since that time); Nigeria also supported several Pan African and pro-self government causes in the 1970s, including garnering support for Angola’s MPLA, SWAPO in Namibia, and aiding anti-colonial struggles in Mozambique, and Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia) military and economically.
Nigeria retains membership in the Non-Aligned Movement, and in late November 2006 organized an Africa-South America Summit in Abuja to promote what some attendees termed “South-South” linkages on a variety of fronts. Nigeria is also a member of the International Criminal Court, and the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was temporarily expelled in 1995 under the Abacha regime.
Nigeria has remained a key player in the international oil industry since the 1970s, and maintains membership in Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) which it joined in July 1971. Its status as a major petroleum producer figures prominently in its sometimes vicissitudinous international relations with both developed countries, notably the United States and more recently China and developing countries, notably Ghana, Jamaica and Kenya.
Millions of Nigerians have emigrated at times of economic hardship to Europe, North America and Australia among others. It is estimated that over a million Nigerians have emigrated to the United States and constitute the Nigerian American populace. Of such Diasporic communities include the “Egbe Omo Yoruba” society.
SOUTH NIGERIA will follow and continue to build on Foreign relations inherited from Nigeria.
See also: Military of SOUTH NIGERIA
Dodan Barracks, Defense Headquarters
The SOUTH NIGERIAN Military are charged with protecting The Republic, promoting SOUTH NIGERIA’s global security interests, and supporting peacekeeping efforts especially in West Africa.
The SOUTH NIGERIAN Military consist of an army, a navy, customs and an air force. The military in Nigeria played major roles in the country’s history since independence. Various juntas have seized control of the country and ruled it through most of its history. Its last period of rule ended in 1999 following the sudden death of former dictator Sani Abacha in 1998, with his successor, Abdulsalam Abubakar, handing over power to the democratically elected government of Olusegun Obasanjo in 1999.
Taking advantage of its role as Africa’s most populated country, Nigeria has repositioned its military as an African peacekeeping force. Since 1995, the Nigerian military through ECOMOG mandates have been deployed as peacekeepers in Liberia (1997), Ivory Coast (1997–1999), Sierra Leone 1997–1999, and presently in Sudan’s Darfur region under an African Union mandate.
Main articles: Geography of Nigeria and Climate of Oduduwa
SOUTH NIGERIA is located in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and has a total area of 793,768 km, It shares a 3,697 kilometres border with Benin (773 km), Chad (87 km), Cameroon (1690 km), and has a coastline of at least 853 km.
SOUTH NIGERIA lies between latitudes 4° and 12°N, and longitudes 2° and 15°E.
The Zuma Rock near Suleja
The highest point in SOUTH NIGERIA is Chappal Waddi at 2,419 m (7,936 ft). The main rivers are the Niger and the Benue River which converge and empty into the Niger Delta, one of the world’s largest river deltas and the location of a large area of Central African Mangroves.
SOUTH NIGERIA has a varied landscape. The far south is defined by its tropical rainforest climate, where annual rainfall is 60 to 80 inches (1,524 to 2,032 mm) a year. In the southeast stands the Obudu Plateau. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. This forest zone’s most southerly portion is defined as salt water swamp, also known as a mangrove swamp because of the large amount of mangroves in the area. North of this is fresh water swamp, containing different vegetation from the salt water swamp.
SOUTH NIGERIA’s most expansive topographical region is that of the valleys of the Niger and Benue River valleys (which merge into each other and form a “y” shape). To the southwest of the Niger there is “rugged” highland, and to the southeast of the Benue are hills and mountains which forms the Mambilla Plateau, the highest Plateau in SOUTH NIGERIA.
This plateau extends to the border with Cameroon, this montane land is part of the Bamenda Highlands in Cameroon. The area near the border with Cameroon close to the coast is rich rainforest and part of the Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests ecoregion, an important centre for biodiversity including the drill monkey which is only found in the wild in this area and across the border in Cameroon. It is widely believed that the areas surrounding Calabar, Cross River State, also in this forest, contain the world’s largest diversity of butterflies. The area of southern Oduduwa between the Niger and the Cross Rivers has seen its forest more or less disappear to be replaced by grassland (see Cross-Niger transition forests).
Everything in between the far south and the far north, is savannah (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees), and rainfall is between 20 and 60 inches (508 and 1,524 mm) per year. The savannah zone’s three categories are Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, plains of tall grass which are interrupted by trees and the most common across the country: Sudan savannah, similar but with “shorter grasses and shorter trees; and Sahel savannah, comprised patches of grass and sand, found in the northeast. In the Sahel region, rain is less than 20 inches (508 mm) per year and the Sahara Desert is encroaching.
Main article: Environmental issues in the Niger Delta
SOUTH NIGERIA’s Delta region, home of the large oil industry, experiences serious oil spills and other environmental problems, which has caused conflict.
Waste management including sewage treatment, the linked processes of deforestation and soil degradation, and climate change or global warming are the major environmental problems in Nigeria. Waste management presents problems in a mega city like Lagos and other major Nigerian cities which are linked with economic development, population growth and the inability of municipal councils to manage the resulting rise in industrial and domestic waste.
Haphazard industrial planning, increased urbanization, poverty and lack of competence of the municipal government are seen as the major reasons for high levels of waste pollution in major Nigerian cities. Some of the ‘solutions’ have been disastrous to the environment, resulting in untreated waste being dumped in places where it can pollute waterways and groundwater.
In terms of global warming, Africans contribute only about one metric ton of carbon dioxide per person per year. It is perceived by many climate change experts that food production and security in the northern Sahel region of the country will suffer as semi-arid areas will have more dry periods in the future.
Main articles: States of SOUTH NIGERIA and Local Government Areas
SOUTH NIGERIA is divided into Twenty-six states, which are further sub-divided into 516 Local Government Areas (LGAs). The plethora of states, of which there were only three at independence, reflect the country’s tumultuous history and the difficulties of managing such a heterogeneous national entity at all levels of government. In some contexts, the states are aggregated into five geopolitical zones: North, East, South, Central and North
SOUTH NIGERIA has four cities with a population of over 1 million people (from largest to smallest: Lagos, Ibadan, Port Harcourt, and Benin City). Lagos is the largest city in sub-Saharan Africa, with a population of over 8 million in its urban area alone.
Lagos 7, 937,932
Ibadan 3, 078, 400
Port Harcourt 1, 320,214
Benin City 1, 051,600
I HAVE NO PROBLEM WITH WHOEVER THE NIGERIAN PRESIDENT IS TODAY, I HAVE A PROBLEM WITH MY TIME AND WASTE. IT IS A PITY THAT PREVIOUS YORUBA LEADERS BEFORE ME, FAILED TO ADDRESS ISSUES AFFECTING OUR REGION AND THEY HAVE SELFISHLY MANIPULATED THE SOUTHERN STATES FOR THEIR PERSONAL GAIN, OK….Olu Jalade, Jan 2011
OIL IS NOT THE ONLY NATURAL RESOURCE WE HAVE IN ABUNDANCE AND WHEN THE CALL CAME TO RE-CLAIM MY REGION, I WAS UP FOR IT, ESPECIALLY BEING THE EMPEROR OF THE WHOLE REGION, I OWE A DUTY AND IT IS MY RESPONSIBILITY BUT THERE ARE SOME BAFFLING ISSUES I HAVE DISCOVERED OVER THIS PERIOD.
THE NORTH HAS GOLD IN ABUNDANCE BUT THE WHOLE OF NIGERIA LIVES PREDOMINANTLY ON OIL.
THE US GAVE A PREDICTION OF OUR OIL DRYING UP IN LESS THAN 15 YEARS, THEN IT HAS DOWNED ON CERTAIN PEOPLE TO PERSUADE ME TO RE-CLAIM OUR LAND, I WAS VERY RELUCTANT AT FIRST, BECAUSE I HAD ALMOST LOST INTEREST IN “ISSUES”, IT IS NOT LIKE I AM STILL GALLANTLY INTERESTED, BUT I HAVE TO DO, WHAT I HAVE TO DO. THESE ARE PEOPLE WHO HAVE CHOSEN TO IGNORE THE REGION AS THEIR MATTER OF PRINCIPLE.
WE DECLARED THE REPUBLIC OF ODUDUWA, TO REAFFIRM OUR POSITIONS AND DUE TO VARIOUS UPROAR IN THE COUNTRY, PREPARE FOR THE WORST.
NO ONE IS TALKING ABOUT THE GOLD IN THE NORTH BUT EVERYONE SHOOTS FOR OIL, OF -COURSE, IT IS DAYLIGHT ROBBERY, SO VIOLENCE HAS TO BE INVOLVED.
DON’T BE SURPRISED THAT IF NIGERIA DOES NOT MAKE IT TO 2015 AS PREDICTED BY SOME, WE WOULD BE LEFT WITH ABOUT 10 YEARS SUPPLY OF CRUDE, ACCORDING TO OUR CONCERNED SCIENTISTS AND FRIENDS AND OUR BROTHERS IN THE NORTH WOULD CONTINUE WITH THEIR EVER ABUNDANT GOLD RESOURCES, AFTER FEASTING ON OUR OIL FOR A CENTURY NOW.
WHEN THE BRITISH AMALGAMATED US, THEY WENT WITH OUR ARTS AND CRAFTS (ARTIFACTS), AND DISPLAYED THEM IN THEIR MUSEUMS, I DO NOT HEAR OF ANYTHING BEING TAKEN FROM THE NORTH.
EVENTUALLY WE GO OUR WAYS, WITH NORTHERNERS OWNING 80% OF OUR RESOURCES ALREADY AND THEIR GOLD, THEN WE IN THE SOUTH, OWNERS OF THE OIL, ARE LEFT WITH A 20% STAKE AS HOLDINGS……..
THE AMALGAMATION TO ME, THIS HAS BEEN A BRITISH/NORTHERN PROTECTORATE ARRANGEMENT FROM THE BEGINNING.
IT IS A PITY THAT WE ARE ALWAYS LOOKING FOR REASONS TO BE EXPLOITED BUT IN THE HELMS OF AFFAIRS, NIGERIA WOULD BE LEFT IN A MESS, I AM NOT COMPLAINING, DON’T GET ME WRONG, I JUST WANT THESE ISSUE HIGHLIGHTED, AS YOU ALL NEED TO KNOW THE PREDICAMENT PLANNED AGAINST THE SOUTH, NOT JUST IN THIS CURRENT GOVERNMENT, BUT IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE.
SO THOSE CALLING FOR A ONE NIGERIA, YOU ARE SIMPLY GIVING MORE TIME TO BE EXPLOITED, AND EVENTUALLY, BE LEFT WITH NOTHING, AND THOSE CALLING FOR SOUTH NIGERIA, MAYBE WE CAN PICK THE PIECES UP AND RESHAPE OUR LIVES.
….. Emperor Olu Jalade
( President, SOUTH NIGERIA Republic)
MINISTRIES IN SOUTH NIGERIA
The Executive Council
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Aviation
Ministry of Communication and Technology
Ministry of Defense
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Capital Territory Affairs
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Information
Ministry of Interior
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Labor and Productivity
Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development
Ministry of Mines and Steel
Ministry of National Planning
Ministry of Petroleum Resources
Ministry of Police Affairs
Minister of Power
Ministry of Science and Technology
Ministry of Sports
Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation
Ministry of Trade and Investment
Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development
Ministry of Works
Ministry of Youth Development.
Independent Corrupt Practice Commission (ICPC)
Special Prosecutions Crimes Commission (SPCC)
Central Bank of Oduduwa
SOUTH NIGERIA STATES AND CAPITAL
| http://africanheraldexpress.com/blog7/2012/05/19/nigerias-current- problems-began-from-amalgamation-in-1914-jonathan/
Constitution of South Nigeria
constitution of South Nigeria